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Cereal grains have been the principal component of the human diet for thousands of years and have played a major role in shaping human civilization. Around the world, rice, wheat, and maize, and to a lesser extent, sorghum and millets, are important staples critical to the daily survival of billions of people. More than 40% of world daily diet consists directly of cereals.

Production of cereals in the world in 2014, according to Food and Agriculture Organization, was 2.82 billion tons. This is 2% more than in 2013. In relation to the production level of a decade ago (in 2004) the volume of production increased by 23.7% or 540 million tons.

10 largest cereals-producing countries produce 65.1% of the world total volume in 2014. These countries are China, USA, India, Brazil, Russia, Indonesia, France, Germany, Ukraine and Bangladesh. 

As for wheat, one of the leading grain crops in many countries, its world production in December 2016, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates, stands at 735 million tons. In the future, the next 10 years, world wheat production growth will slow. By 2025, the figures will increase in relation to 2015 by 8%, or 58.5 million tons.

Wheat is produced in more than 100 countries worldwide. The list of 10 largest wheat-producing countries is as follows: China, India, Russia, USA, France, Canada, Germany, Pakistan, Australia and Ukraine.

Download our latest AGRICULTURE cheat sheet Download

Download our latest AGRICULTURE cheat sheet

It's a one pager PDF full of live links to agriculture-related data, statistics, and dashboards from leading industry sources. It will be a useful resource for any analyst, business executive, or researcher with an interest in the food security and prices, agricultural production and supply and much more.

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See also

Biofuels dashboard
FAO STAT Country Profile - Food, Nutrition and Food Security