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United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

UNECE's major aim is to promote pan-European economic integration. UNECE includes 56 member States in Europe, North America and Asia. However, all interested United Nations member States may participate in the work of UNECE. Over 70 international professional organizations and other non-governmental organizations take part in UNECE activities.

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    • Сентябрь 2019
      Источник: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 26 сентября, 2019
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      Source: UNECE Transport Division Database. Definition: Railway : Line of communication made up by rail exclusively for the use of railway vehicles. Line of communication is part of space equipped for the execution of transport. Railway network : All railways in a given area. This does not include stretches of road or water even if rolling stock should be conveyed over such routes, e.g. by wagon-carrying trailers or ferries. Lines solely used for touristic purposes during the season are excluded as are railways constructed solely to serve mines, forests or other industrial or agricultural undertakings and which are not open to public traffic. Track : A pair of rails over which railway vehicles can run. Track gauge : Distance between a pair of rails measured between the inside edges of the rail heads. The following track gauges are in use: - Standard gauge: 1.435 m - Large gauge: 1.524 m (VR,SZR); 1.600 m (CIE, NIR); 1.668 m (RENFE, CP) - Narrow gauge: 0.60 m, 0.70 m,0.75 m, 0.76 m, 0.785 m, 0.90 m, 1.00 m. Electrified track : Track provided with an overhead trolley wire or with conductor rail to permit electric traction. Line : One or more adjacent running tracks forming a route between two points. Where a section of network comprises two or more lines running alongside one another, there are as many lines as routes to which tracks are allotted exclusively. Average length of line operated throughout the year : The length of line used for traffic throughout the reported year (including lines operated jointly with other railway enterprises) plus the average length of lines opened or closed during the year (weighted by the number of days they have been operated). The total length of line operated is the length operated for passenger or goods transport, or both. When a line is operated simultaneously by several enterprises it will be counted only once. Electrified line : Line with one or more electrified running tracks. Sections of lines adjacent to stations that are electrified only to permit shunting and not electrified as far as the next stations are to be counted as non-electrified lines. Please note that country footnotes are not always in alphabetical order. .. - data not available Country: Belarus Passenger only rail traffic includes freight as well. Country: Finland Change in statistical methods in 2015. Country: Latvia From 2009, lines temporarily closed are not included. Country: Netherlands Data are at 1 April. Country: Spain Refers to Renfe and ADIF only Country: Turkey Excludes branch and station lines. Country: United States Includes only Class I freight railroads.
    • Сентябрь 2019
      Источник: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 26 сентября, 2019
      Выбрать
      Source: UNECE Transport Division Database. Definition: Railway : Line of communication made up by rail exclusively for the use of railway vehicles. Line of communication is part of space equipped for the execution of transport. Railway network : All railways in a given area. This does not include stretches of road or water even if rolling stock should be conveyed over such routes, e.g. by wagon-carrying trailers or ferries. Lines solely used for touristic purposes during the season are excluded as are railways constructed solely to serve mines, forests or other industrial or agricultural undertakings and which are not open to public traffic. Track : A pair of rails over which railway vehicles can run. Track gauge : Distance between a pair of rails measured between the inside edges of the rail heads. The following track gauges are in use: - Standard gauge: 1.435 m - Large gauge: 1.524 m (VR,SZR); 1.600 m (CIE, NIR); 1.668 m (RENFE, CP) - Narrow gauge: 0.60 m, 0.70 m,0.75 m, 0.76 m, 0.785 m, 0.90 m, 1.00 m. Electrified track : Track provided with an overhead trolley wire or with conductor rail to permit electric traction. Line : One or more adjacent running tracks forming a route between two points. Where a section of network comprises two or more lines running alongside one another, there are as many lines as routes to which tracks are allotted exclusively. Average length of line operated throughout the year : The length of line used for traffic throughout the reported year (including lines operated jointly with other railway enterprises) plus the average length of lines opened or closed during the year (weighted by the number of days they have been operated). The total length of line operated is the length operated for passenger or goods transport, or both. When a line is operated simultaneously by several enterprises it will be counted only once. Electrified line : Line with one or more electrified running tracks. Sections of lines adjacent to stations that are electrified only to permit shunting and not electrified as far as the next stations are to be counted as non-electrified lines. Please note that country footnotes are not always in alphabetical order. .. - data not available Country: Finland Change in statistical methods in 2015. Country: Latvia From 2009, lines temporarily closed are not included. Country: Netherlands Data are at 1 April. Country: Spain Refers to Renfe and ADIF only Country: Turkey Excludes branch and station lines. Country: United States Includes only Class I freight railroads.
    • Сентябрь 2019
      Источник: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 26 сентября, 2019
      Выбрать
      Source: UNECE Transport Division Database. Definition: Railway : Line of communication made up by rail exclusively for the use of railway vehicles. Line of communication is part of space equipped for the execution of transport. Railway network : All railways in a given area. This does not include stretches of road or water even if rolling stock should be conveyed over such routes, e.g. by wagon-carrying trailers or ferries. Lines solely used for touristic purposes during the season are excluded as are railways constructed solely to serve mines, forests or other industrial or agricultural undertakings and which are not open to public traffic. Track : A pair of rails over which railway vehicles can run. Track gauge : Distance between a pair of rails measured between the inside edges of the rail heads. The following track gauges are in use: - Standard gauge: 1.435 m - Large gauge: 1.524 m (VR,SZR); 1.600 m (CIE, NIR); 1.668 m (RENFE, CP) - Narrow gauge: 0.60 m, 0.70 m,0.75 m, 0.76 m, 0.785 m, 0.90 m, 1.00 m. Electrified track : Track provided with an overhead trolley wire or with conductor rail to permit electric traction. Line : One or more adjacent running tracks forming a route between two points. Where a section of network comprises two or more lines running alongside one another, there are as many lines as routes to which tracks are allotted exclusively. Average length of line operated throughout the year : The length of line used for traffic throughout the reported year (including lines operated jointly with other railway enterprises) plus the average length of lines opened or closed during the year (weighted by the number of days they have been operated). The total length of line operated is the length operated for passenger or goods transport, or both. When a line is operated simultaneously by several enterprises it will be counted only once. Electrified line : Line with one or more electrified running tracks. Sections of lines adjacent to stations that are electrified only to permit shunting and not electrified as far as the next stations are to be counted as non-electrified lines. Please note that country footnotes are not always in alphabetical order. .. - data not available Country: Finland Change in statistical methods in 2015. Country: Latvia From 2009, lines temporarily closed are not included. Country: Netherlands Data are at 1 April. Country: Spain Refers to Renfe and ADIF only Country: Turkey Excludes branch and station lines. Country: United States Includes only Class I freight railroads.
    • Сентябрь 2019
      Источник: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 26 сентября, 2019
      Выбрать
      .. - data not available Source: UNECE Transport Division Database. Definitions: Road : Line of communication (travelled way) using a stabilized base other than rails or air strips open to public traffic, primarily for the use of road motor vehicles running on their own wheels. Included are bridges, tunnels, supporting structures, junctions, crossings and interchanges. Toll roads are also included. Excluded are dedicated cycle paths. Category of road (state roads, provincial roads, local roads) : Classification of the road network according to: (a) administration responsible for its construction maintenance and/or (b) according to design standards or, (c) according to the users allowed to have access on the road. Motorway : Road, specially designed and built for motor traffic, which does not serve properties bordering on it, and which: (a) is provided, except at special points or temporarily, with separate carriageways for the two directions of traffic, separated from each other, either by a dividing strip not intended for traffic, or exceptionally by other means; (b) does not cross at level with any road, railway or tramway track, or footpath; (c) is specially sign-posted as a motorway and is reserved for specific categories of road motor vehicles. Entry and exit lanes of motorways are included irrespectively of the location of the sign-posts. Urban motorways are also included. E road : The international “E“ network consists of a system of reference roads as laid down in the European Agreement on Main International Arteries, Geneva, 15 November 1975 and its amendments. Please note that country footnotes are not always in alphabetical order. Country: Serbia Territorial change (2000 onward): Data do not cover Kosovo and Metohija. Country: Georgia ''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads'' Country: Hungary ''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads'' Country: Azerbaijan ''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads'' Country: Belarus ''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads'' Country: Croatia In 2012, the Highway Act came into force and unclassified roads are excluded from other roads Country: Czechia Road administration system change since 1 January 2016; most expressways were changed into class II motorways. Country: Estonia ''Motorways'' refers to first class roads, ''Provincial roads'' refers to local roads, ''Local roads'' refers to forest and private roads Country: Kazakhstan For 2008 and data prior to 2006, ''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads'' Country: Netherlands ''Motorways'' includes communal, provincial and state roads. ''Local roads'' refers to communal and district water board roads. Data are from 1 April. Country: Norway Data for state roads and provincial roads from 2010 onward are not comparable with previous years due to the reclassification of approximately 17 000 kilometres of roads. Country: Portugal Refers to mainland only Country: Russian Federation ''Motorways'' refers to Category 1A roads of federal, regional or inter-municipal significance, ''State roads'' refers to public roads of federal significance. ''Provincial roads'' refers to public roads of regional or inter-municipal significance. Country: Slovenia From 1998, motorways refers to state motorways and highways. State roads refers to main and secondary state roads. Provincial roads refers to urban and rural municipal roads. Communal roads refers to combined urban / rural municipal roads. Country: Sweden ''Other roads'' excludes private roads without operational grants. ''State roads'' includes E roads and national roads. Country: Switzerland State roads refer to other national roads. Provincial roads refer to canton roads. Country: Turkey 'Other roads' does not include urban roads. Country: Ukraine For data prior to 2006, ''Local roads included under ''Provincial Roads'' Country: United Kingdom Through 1997, 'State roads', 'Provincial roads' and 'Communal roads' refer to Great Britain. E roads refers to Great Britain for all years. Country: United States Motorways include Puerto Rico.
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