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Statistics Sierra Leone

Statistics Sierra Leone (SSL) was constitutionally effected by the 2002 Statistics and Census Act. SSL replaces the former Central Statistics Office, which had been in operation since independence in 1961. Mission/Goal Statistics Sierra Leone coordinates, collects, compiles, analyses and disseminates high quality and objective official statistics to assist informed decision-making, and discussion within the government, business and the media, as well as the wider national and international community. SSL is currently going through a restructuring phase and a National Strategy for the Development of Statistics (NSDS) in Sierra Leone has been developed. The NSDS focuses on a five (5) year statistical work programme which priorities statistical activities aimed at achieving national goals and targets that include progress and performance against the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Poverty Reduction. Over the years, the institution has conducted series of surveys with support from its partners. Recently, the office conducted the first ever Sierra Leone Demographic and Health Survey (SLDHS), which is part of a worldwide survey programme and it is currently in the data entry and processing stage. The Survey monitors and tracks down Infant Mortality, the rate of HIV/AIDS, Anemia, Child Labour, Reproduction, effects of Female Genital Mutilation, and the use of Contraceptives. The SLDHS will be conducted after every five (5) years, and will periodically monitor and provide an international database that can be used by researchers investigating topics related to population, health and nutrition.

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    • Октябрь 2017
      Источник: Statistics Sierra Leone
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 05 апреля, 2019
      Sierra Leone 2015 Population and Housing Census - Thematic Report on Nuptiality and Fertility   EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report considers nuptiality and fertility in Sierra Leone using data obtained from the 2015 Population and Housing Census. The objectives of the report included an analysis of the levels, pattern and trends of the current and lifetime fertility and nuptiality in the country. Various direct and indirect methods were used to analyse the data on both variables. Direct methods include calculation of percentages, rates and ratios. Specific indirect methods used were the Trussell P/F Ratio method and the Relational Gompertz methods (from the Bureau of Census USA). These indirect techniques were used to assess and adjust the current fertility data to minimize inaccuracies, such as poor reporting of births, which have resulted in very low fertility indicators such as the reported total fertility rate.   The findings of this report suggest that levels of fertility have not changed much for 30 years. The total fertility rate is still in the region of six children per woman, the same rate as that recorded in the 1985 Census. The crude birth rate, the general fertility rate, the gross reproduction rate and the number of children ever born have also remained roughly the same. The mean age at childbearing is in the region of 30 years. Marriage is a common phenomenon amongst both men and women, although more women are married than men. Marital fertility is far higher than non-marital fertility. The reported fertility rate for currently married monogamous women is 3.1 children; women married in polygamous unions have 3.9 children, while the never married women have 0.24 children. These results suggest that the incidence of births outside marriage is low in Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone’s Customary Marriage and Divorce Act states that girls cannot marry before 18 years of age. However the data suggests that the singulate mean age at marriage is less than 18 years across the country. This seems to indicate that the Act is not being implemented effectively.   Levels of fertility, as indicated by various fertility indices such as the total fertility rate and the mean number of children ever born, have barely fallen since the national census of 1985. This would seem to suggest that the social, cultural and economic supports of high fertility still exist and there is low contraceptive use. Recommendations emerging from these analyses include a more effective implementation of the 2007 Customary Marriage and Divorce Act, through extensive educational programmes. Family planning programmes should also use similar strategies to increase the contraceptive prevalence rate, which will in turn contribute to a reduction in fertility levels.

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