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Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-OPEC

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization, created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. The five Founding Members were later joined by nine other Members: Qatar (1961); Indonesia (1962) – suspended its membership from January 2009-December 2015; Libya (1962); United Arab Emirates (1967); Algeria (1969); Nigeria (1971); Ecuador (1973) – suspended its membership from December 1992-October 2007; Angola (2007) and Gabon (1975–1994). OPEC had its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, in the first five years of its existence. This was moved to Vienna, Austria, on September 1, 1965. OPEC's objective is to co-ordinate and unify petroleum policies among Member Countries, in order to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers; an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations; and a fair return on capital to those investing in the industry.

Все наборы данных:  E O W
  • E
    • Ноябрь 2018
      Источник: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-OPEC
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 15 ноября, 2018
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      Oil Supply and Demand: OPEC estimates and projections, November 2018 Balance=OPEC crude oil production-Difference (a-b) Global oil demand, supply, oil market balance and required amounts of OPEC crude.   World oil Demand: In 2018, oil demand growth is anticipated to increase by 1.50 mb/d y-o-y, a downward revision from the previous month of 40 tb/d, mainly due to weaker-than-expected oil demand data from the Middle East and, to a lesser extent, China during 3Q18. Expected total oil demand for the year is anticipated to reach 98.79 mb/d. In 2019, world oil demand growth is forecast to grow by 1.29 mb/d y-o-y, about 70 tb/d lower than last month’s projection, with total world consumption to reach 100.08 mb/d. The OECD region will contribute positively to oil demand growth, increasing by 0.25 mb/d y-o-y, while the non-OECD region is assumed to see larger growth by 1.04 mb/d in 2019. World Oil Supply Non-OPEC oil supply growth in 2018 is estimated at 2.31 mb/d, an upward revision of 0.09 mb/d from the previous month’s assessment. The US, Canada, Kazakhstan and Russia are expected to be the main drivers for this growth, while Mexico, Norway, Vietnam and China are expected to show the largest declines. With this, total non-OPEC supply for 2018 is now estimated at 59.86 mb/d. In 2019, non-OPEC oil supply growth was revised up by 0.12 mb/d from the previous month, forecast to stand at 2.23 mb/d and is now projected to reach an average of 62.09 mb/d. The upward revision comes despite a downward adjustment for oil supply in Canada, China, Brazil and Mexico. The US, Brazil, Canada and the UK are expected to be the main growth drivers, while Mexico, Norway, Vietnam and Indonesia are still expected to see the sizeable declines. OPEC NGLs in 2018 and 2019 are expected to grow by 0.10 mb/d and 0.11 mb/d to average 6.34 mb/d and 6.45 mb/d, respectively. In October, OPEC crude oil production increased by 127 tb/d to average 32.90 mb/d, according to secondary sources.   World Economy The global economic growth forecast for 2018 remains unchanged at 3.7%, while the 2019 forecast was revised down slightly by 0.1 percentage point (pp) to now stand at 3.5%, on the back of a slowing dynamic amid rising trade tensions, monetary tightening, particularly in the US, and mounting challenges in emerging markets and developing economies. In the OECD, growth in the US is assessed to be unchanged at 2.9% in 2018, but was revised slightly upward to 2.6% in 2019. Euro-zone growth was revised down to 1.9% for 2018 and to 1.7% for 2019. GDP growth in Japan remains at 1.1% in both 2018 and 2019 each. In the non-OECD countries, both India’s and China’s growth forecasts were revised slightly downward to 7.5% and 6.5% for 2018, respectively, and lowered to 7.2% and 6.1%, respectively, for 2019. Growth in Brazil remains unchanged at 1.1% in 2018 and at 1.8% in 2019. Russia’s GDP growth forecast is also unchanged at 1.6% in 2018 and 1.7% in 2019.
  • O
    • Август 2017
      Источник: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-OPEC
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 20 ноября, 2017
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      The date range : 2014- 2020, 2020-2030, 2030-2040 for dataset has been considered as last date of the range. For example, 2014-2020 has been considered as 2020.  
    • Август 2018
      Источник: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-OPEC
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 16 ноября, 2018
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      1. Stock change assumptions reflect the development of Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) in some non-OECD countries, and the rising need for stocks as refinery capacity expands. These rates of rise in stocks will eventually slow, as growth in SPR slows as does refinery expansion. The medium-term pattern eventually reverts, in the long-term, to historical average behavior. 2. For Indicators, like Long term real GP growth rates the date has been considered the highest number although it has a range which are as. 2014- 2020 for 2020, 2020-2030 for 2030, 2030-2040 for 2040
    • Май 2018
      Источник: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-OPEC
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 14 июня, 2018
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      The OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin (ASB) provides detailed and comprehensive time-series data on many different aspects of the global petroleum industry, including production, demand, imports and exports, as well as exploration and transportation activities. The publication contains key statistical data on oil and natural gas activities in each of OPEC's 14 Member Countries: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. Additionally, it provides valuable industry data for various countries with detailed classifications, mainly by geographical region, and covers the major economic areas around the world. This year’s 2018 ASB, which comprises data up to the end of 2017, includes the following important highlights: In 2017, world crude oil production declined by 701,000 b/d, or 0.9 per cent, as compared to 2016, to reach 74.69m b/d marking the first yearly decline since 2009. OPEC crude oil production fell year-on-year by 926,000 b/d, or 2.8 per cent, while crude production in non-OPEC countries registered gains. The biggest increases were for the United States with 498,000 b/d, or 5.6 per cent, and Libya with 427,000 b/d or 109.5 per cent, while the largest declines for Saudi Arabia with 501,000 b/d, or 4.8 per cent, and Venezuela with 338,000 b/d or 14.2 per cent. In 2017, the top three crude oil producing countries were Russia (10.35m b/d ), Saudi Arabia (9.96m b/d) and the United States (9.36m b/d). World oil demand averaged 97.20m b/d in 2017, up by 1.7 per cent y-o-y, with the largest increases taking place in Asia and Pacific region (particularly China and India), Europe and North America. The 2017 oil demand in Africa and the Middle East grew by around 100,000 b/d, as compared to 2016, while oil demand declined in Latin America for the third year in a row. Total OECD oil demand grew solidly for the third consecutive year in 2017, while oil demand in OPEC Member Countries returned to modest growth after declining during 2016. Distillates and gasoline account for around 55.6 per cent of 2017 total world oil demand and are on increasing trends. The share of residual fuel oil requirements out of total oil demand in 2017 amounts roughly to 7.2 per cent. Total exports of crude oil from OPEC Member Countries averaged 24.86m b/d in 2017 declining by 406,000 b/d, or 1.6 per cent, as compared to 2016. As in previous years, the bulk of crude oil from Member Countries was exported to the Asia and Pacific region, in the amount of 15.56m b/d or 62.6 per cent. Significant volumes of crude oil were also exported to Europe, which increased its imports from OPEC Member Countries from 4.40m b/d in 2016 to 4.64m b/d in 2017. North America imported 3.21m b/d of crude oil from Member Countries, which was 82,000 b/d, or 2.5 per cent, less compared to 2016 volumes. OPEC Member Country exports of petroleum products averaged 5.07m b/d during 2017, down by 216,000 b/d, or 4.1 per cent, compared to 2016. Their imports of petroleum products stood at 1.98m b/d in 2017, roughly 105,000 b/d, or 5.1 per cent, lower than in 2016. Total world proven crude oil reserves stood at 1,483bn b at the end of 2017, decreasing slightly by 0.4 per cent from the level of 1,489bn b reached at the end of the previous year. Total proven crude oil reserves in Member Countries decreased by 0.3 per cent to 1,214bn b at the end of 2017 but slightly increased their share of total world crude oil reserves, from 81.8 per cent in 2016 to 81.9 per cent in 2017. In 2017, total world proven natural gas reserves rose by 0.2 per cent to approximately 199.4 trillion standard cu m. This increase in natural gas reserves came mainly on the back of new discoveries in the Asia and Pacific region. Proven natural gas reserves in Member Countries stood at 95.95tr standard cu m, unchanged from the level of the previous year. World refinery capacity expanded by 104,000 b/cd to stand at 96.93m b/cd during 2017, mainly supported by additions in the Asia and Pacific region, particularly China and India. 2017 refinery capacity in the OECD declined by 171,000 b/cd, mainly due to closures in Europe and Japan. Global refinery throughput ramped up by 1.6 per cent to reach 83.7m b/d in 2017, with the largest gains in the Asia and Pacific region and North America. The OPEC Reference Basket averaged $52.43/b in 2017, up from $40.76/b in 2016. The yearly increase valued at $11.67/b, or 28.6 per cent, compared to 2016. The 2017 volatility stood at $5.00/b, or 9.5 per cent, relative to the yearly average.
    • Декабрь 2018
      Источник: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-OPEC
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 12 декабря, 2018
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      Introduced on 16 June 2005, the new OPEC Reference Basket (ORB) is currently made up of the following: Saharan Blend (Algeria), Girassol (Angola), Oriente (Ecuador), Zafiro (Equatorial Guinea), Rabi Light (Gabon), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela). Notes: As of January 2006: The Weekly, Monthly, Quarterly & Yearly averages are based on daily quotations. As of January 2007: The basket price includes the Angolan crude "Girassol". As of 19 October 2007: The basket price includes the Ecuadorean crude "Oriente". As of January 2009: The basket price excludes the Indonesian crude "Minas". As of January 2009: The Venezuelan crude "BCF-17" was replaced by the crude "Merey". As of January 2016: The basket price includes the Indonesian crude "Minas". As of July 2016: The basket price includes the Gabonese crude "Rabi Light". As of January 2017: The basket price excludes the Indonesian crude "Minas". As of June 2017: The basket price includes the Equatorial Guinean crude "Zafiro".
  • W
    • Ноябрь 2018
      Источник: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-OPEC
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 13 ноября, 2018
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      Monthly counts of rotary rigs drilling for oil and gas worldwide, in the OPEC and non-OPEC countries. Baker Hughes Inc. and OPEC Secretariat's estimates.
    • Август 2018
      Источник: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries-OPEC
      Загружен: Knoema
      Дата обращения к источнику: 10 октября, 2018
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      The dataset illustrates the inter-country variations in the average price of one barrel of oil across G7 countries as well as the OECD average during 1984-2017. It is important to note that these price variations are mainly due to the widely varying levels of taxes imposed by major oil consuming nations. These can range from relatively modest levels - like in the USA - to very high levels in Europe and Asia/Pacific. For example, in the UK the government in 2017 earned about 64.6% of the price charged for every liter of pump fuel sold to consumers. On the other hand, oil producing countries (including OPEC) earned about 22.8% of the total pump fuel price.