World Energy Council
Дата обращения к источнику: 18 февраля, 2016
The Energy Trilemma Index, produced in partnership with global management consultancy Oliver Wyman, along with the Global Risk Centre of its parent Marsh & McLennan Companies, is a comparative ranking of 130 countries, benchmarking the sustainability of energy systems and awarding countries with a balance score, highlighting how well countries manage the trade-offs between the three trilemma goals. Together with its companion, the World Energy Trilemma report, the Index proves an effective tool to assist policymakers as they set climate and development goals, businesses as they set their medium and long-term strategies and investors.
The Index also includes a ‘watch list’, highlighting countries that are expected to display significant changes in trilemma performance over the next few years, in light of recent policy changes, unscheduled incidents or undealt with structural issues. In 2015, South Africa and the US join Germany, Italy, Japan and the UK on negative watch, whilst the Philippines and Serbia are put on positive watch, alongside Mexico and the United Arab Emirates.
Now in its fifth edition, the 2015 Index shows signs of progress for all dimensions of the energy trilemma, although it remains a struggle for most countries to develop a balanced approach, with only two countries out of 130 obtaining a ‘AAA’ balance score.
While the transition towards sustainable, balanced energy systems is slowly occurring, progress can be sped up by creating robust and stable policy frameworks. In the run-up to the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21), the Index supports the messages from the World Energy Council welcoming the bottom-up ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contributions’ process and emphasising the need for strong national energy policy frameworks based on a trilemma approach to effectively implement international objectives. The 2015 World Energy Trilemma: priority actions on climate change and how to balance the trilemma report recommends a meaningful agreement supported by a focus on clearly identified action areas that enable and accelerate the transition towards low-carbon energy systems.
1. The Energy Trilemma Index ranks countries in terms of their likely ability to provide sustainable energy policies through the three dimensions of the energy trilemma:a) Energy security: The effective management of primary energy supply from domestic and external sources, the reliability of energy infrastructure, and the ability of participating energy companies to meet current and future demand.b) Energy equity: The accessibility and affordability of energy supply across the population.c) Environmental sustainability: The achievement of supply and demand-side energy efficiencies and the development of energy supply from renewable and other low-carbon sources 2. The Index rank measures overall performance and the balance score highlights how well a country manages the trade-offs between the above mentioned three competing dimensions3. There is positive correlation between Score and Rank, as score is high rank will be high ( (0≤score≤10, Best rank is 1)